Lesson 3: Fractions
How to find fractional parts of a quantity using Hands on Methods.
In the Previous lessons, I discussed how to introduce fractions and how to find equivalent fractions. In this lesson, we are going to explore how to teach fractional parts of a number using hands on methods. Fractions are always a hard concept for students to comprehend so using tactile, hands on methods that engage them in the lesson builds a solid foundation.
- Little gems or bears or pom poms or counters
- Fraction Mats (available for free below)
- Equivalency towers
- Index cards with questions already written (what is ½ of 20? What is ¼ of 16? Etc)
- Blank index cards
Activate Prior Knowledge:
Show a fraction and review the definitions a numerator and denominator.
Today, we are going to figure out how to find fractional parts of a quantity.
Teacher: Pull out 8 gems and place it on the desk or floor along with the Question (write it on an index card): what is ¼ of 8?
Read the question out loud to the student. This is asking us to divide 8 into 4 equal parts.
Using the ¼ fraction mats, demonstrate how you can divide 8 into 4 equal parts.
So ¼ of 8 is 2. Write it down on a blank index card or notebook.
2) Pull out 9 gems and another question. Ask: What is 1/3 of 9?
Demonstrate using the same dialogue. This question is asking us to divide 9 into 3 equal parts. Using the 1/3 mat, think out aloud (“I’m going to place 2 in each column”, “and I’ve enough left to give 1 to each”) as you divide 9 into 3 equal parts.
So 1/3 of 9 is 3.
What is 2/3 of 9? 2/3 of 9 is 6. If the child has difficulty figuring 2/3, then point to each column as you say, 1/3, 2/3, 3/3.
Write the answers down on an index card.
You could also use equivalency towers to assist in solving fractional parts of a quantity using the same teaching method mentioned above. I love that these towers also introduce decimals and percentages.
Using the equivalency towers to figure out parts of money.
I always try to place the gems in pairs so it’s easier to calculate visually. Have the child practice more questions and assist as needed. This is a hard concept for little ones to grasp but if practiced daily with this method, they should be able to master it soon.
More lessons on Fractions:
Fraction Mats – Download Now
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