**Lesson 3: Fractions**

**How to find fractional parts of a quantity using Hands on Methods.**

In the Previous lessons, I discussed how to introduce fractions and how to find equivalent fractions. In this lesson, we are going to explore how to teach fractional parts of a number using hands on methods. Fractions are always a hard concept for students to comprehend so using tactile, hands on methods that engage them in the lesson builds a solid foundation.

**Materials:**

- Little gems or bears or pom poms or counters
- Fraction Mats (available for free below)
- Equivalency towers
- Index cards with questions already written (what is ½ of 20? What is ¼ of 16? Etc)
- Blank index cards

**Activate Prior Knowledge**:

Show a fraction and review the definitions a numerator and denominator.

Today, we are going to figure out how to find fractional parts of a quantity.

**Teacher**: Pull out 8 gems and place it on the desk or floor along with the Question (write it on an index card): what is ¼ of 8?

Read the question out loud to the student. This is asking us to divide 8 into 4 equal parts.

Using the ¼ fraction mats, demonstrate how you can divide 8 into 4 equal parts.

So ¼ of 8 is 2. Write it down on a blank index card or notebook.

2) Pull out 9 gems and another question. Ask: What is 1/3 of 9?

Demonstrate using the same dialogue. This question is asking us to divide 9 into 3 equal parts. Using the 1/3 mat, think out aloud (“I’m going to place 2 in each column”, “and I’ve enough left to give 1 to each”) as you divide 9 into 3 equal parts.

So 1/3 of 9 is 3.

What is 2/3 of 9? 2/3 of 9 is 6. If the child has difficulty figuring 2/3, then point to each column as you say, 1/3, 2/3, 3/3.

Write the answers down on an index card.

You could also use equivalency towers to assist in solving fractional parts of a quantity using the same teaching method mentioned above. I love that these towers also introduce decimals and percentages.

Using the equivalency towers to figure out parts of money.

I always try to place the gems in pairs so it’s easier to calculate visually. Have the child practice more questions and assist as needed. This is a hard concept for little ones to grasp but if practiced daily with this method, they should be able to master it soon.

#### More lessons on Fractions:

#### Equivalent Fractions

#### Introduction to Fractions

**Fraction Mats – Download Now**

This post contains affliate links (at no cost to you)

Gul says

Hats off to you for demonstrating a complex subject so easily and in a creative manner. I love the visuals! This would benefit the kids who are learning about faction.

Lisa says

I love this, Anu. I wished I had this last year trying to explain to my daughter in 5th grade. The visuals really break it down so they can see it. You are completely amazing!!

Anu says

Thank you Lisa! When we equip children with the right strategies and techniques, they are able to grasp content better.

Nancy says

Hands-on math is the best! I agree that this makes a complex concept easy to understand. I will pass on the idea!

Nancy Tirrell says

Another fantastic idea. I wish you had been my math teacher! You make it seem so easy and so much fun!

Anu says

You’re so kind! Thank you!